What is goal?
• Objective, Purpose, Aim, Final Result
• A desired result a person or a system visualizes, plans and commits to achieve
• An important part of human life
• Lead your life happily
• Determine the essence of your life
• Serves as a stimulus or something that inspires you to accomplish something.
• People will perform better when they are committed to achieve certain goals.
• Self-efficacy – one’s belief that they are able to achieve the goals;
• Commitment to others – promises or engagements to others can strongly improve commitment
Setting goals affects outcomes
• Choice: goals narrow attention and direct efforts to goal-relevant activities, and away from perceived undesirable and goal-irrelevant actions.
• Effort: goals can lead to more effort; for example, if one typically read an article an hour, and has the goal of read 2, one may work more intensely than one would otherwise in order to reach the goal.
• Persistence: An individual becomes more prone to work through setbacks if pursuing a goal.
• Cognition: goals can lead an individual to develop cognitive strategies to change their behavior.
5 Golden Rules of Goal Setting
• Set Goals that Motivate You (why)
• Set SMART Goals
a. S – Specific
b. M – Measurable
c. A – Attainable
d. R – Relevant
e. T – Time-bound
• Set Goals in Writing
• Make an Action Plan
• Stick With It!
Setting Smaller Goals
• Once you have set your lifetime goals, set a five-year plan of smaller goals that you need to complete if you are to reach your lifetime plan.
• Then create a one-year plan, six-month plan, and a one-month plan of progressively smaller goals that you should reach to achieve your lifetime goals. Each of these should be based on the previous plan
• Then create a daily to-do-list of things that you should do today to work towards your lifetime goals.
• At an early stage, your smaller goals might be to read books and gather information on the achievement of your higher level goals. This will help you to improve the quality and realism of your goal setting.
• Finally review your plans, and make sure that they fit the way in which you want to live your life.
Set Personal Goals
• First you create your “big picture” of what you want to do with your life (or over, say, the next 10 years), and identify the large-scale goals that you want to achieve.
• Then, you break these down into the smaller and smaller targets that you must hit to reach your lifetime goals.
• Finally, once you have your plan, you start working on it to achieve these goals.
• This is why we start the process of goal setting by looking at your lifetime goals. Then, we work down to the things that you can do in, say, the next five years, then next year, next month, next week, and today, to start moving towards them.
Setting Lifetime Goals
• Career – What level do you want to reach in your career, or what do you want to achieve?
• Financial – How much do you want to earn, by what stage? How is this related to your career goals?
• Education – Is there any knowledge you want to acquire in particular? What information and skills will you need to have in order to achieve other goals?
• Family – Do you want to be a parent? If so, how are you going to be a good parent? How do you want to be seen by a partner or by members of your extended family?
• Artistic – Do you want to achieve any artistic goals?
• Attitude – Is any part of your mindset holding you back? Is there any part of the way that you behave that upsets you? (If so, set a goal to improve your behavior or find a solution to the problem.)
• Physical – Are there any athletic goals that you want to achieve, or do you want good health deep into old age? What steps are you going to take to achieve this?
• Pleasure – How do you want to enjoy yourself? (You should ensure that some of your life is for you!)
• Public Service – Do you want to make the world a better place? If so, how?